Sea Level Rise on the US 98 and Saint Vincent Island

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Florida State University oceanographer Jeff Chanton is a studies sea level rise. While he has gained renown for his global research, he’s also interested in the coast nearer to home. He and his wife, author Susan Cerulean, have a long relationship with Saint Vincent Island, a barrier island on Apalachicola Bay and a National Wildlife Refuge. They set out to measure sea level rise on the island.

I hate how impressive the wreckage looks. Some of these stumps are visually fascinating; extraterrestrial sculptures beamed onto our beaches. On the west side of Saint Vincent Island, we encounter the sight in the banner image above. You can tell it’s fresher than the stumps on Carrabelle Beach, which the waves have smoothed over time. Here on the island, over a year removed, we can still feel the violence of what happened. Hurricane Michael showed us how sea level rise works.

A large stump and the remains of roots on Carrabelle Beach.
A large stump and the remains of roots on Carrabelle Beach. Stumps on this beach had once been in an inland forest, into which the coastline retreated, killing the trees.

“Hurricanes are the agents of change.” Says Jeff Chanton. Jeff is an oceanographer at Florida State University, and a renowned expert on sea level rise. As he points out, seas are rising every day, little by little. And then, every few years, in ways not so little. “Shoreline erosion is episodic. It goes along, goes along, goes along, and all of a sudden it will happen in a big way. And that big way is associated with a hurricane.”

Over the course of a day, we follow Jeff along the Forgotten Coast, past many of my favorite places. He shows us how the rising Gulf hits man made structures differently than sand dunes, which are nature’s defense from storm surge and waves, themselves created by waves. Of course, if a storm is strong enough, even dunes wash away.